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Prisoners of conscience
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د.نبيل تمام 2014-03-24 23:46:07


Prisoner of conscience (POC) is a term coined by Peter Benenson in a 28 May 1961 article ("The Forgotten Prisoners") for the London Observer newspaper. Most often associated with the human rights organisation Amnesty International, the term can refer to anyone imprisoned because of their race, religion, or political views. It also refers to those who have been imprisoned and/or persecuted for the non-violent expression of their conscientiously held beliefs.    The article defined a prisoner of conscience : Any person who is physically restrained (by imprisonment or otherwise) from expressing (in any form of words or symbols) any opinion which he honestly holds and which does not advocate or condone personal violence. We also exclude those people who have conspired with a foreign government to overthrow their own.   Current Wikipedia list of Amnesty International prisoners of conscience in Bahrain :  Mahdi Abu Deeb, Mohammad Sanad al-Makina, Nabeel Rajab, and the Bahrain Thirteen: Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, Hassan Mushaima, Abdelwahab Hussain, Abdel-Jalil al-Singace, Mohammad Habib al-Miqdad, Abd-alJalil al-Miqdad, Saeed al-Nuri, Mohammad Hassan Jawad, Mohammad Ali Ridha , Abd-Aleillah al-Mahroos, Abdul-Hadi Abdullah Hassan al-Mukhodher, Ebrahim Sharif, Salah al-Khawaja.    With the deterioration of the political situation in Bahrain and the security grip over the past thirty months and till writing this article, the number of prisoners of conscience is growing on a daily basis. For example: Sheikh Al Mahfoodh and his fellow association in Amal Society. Medical staff led by Dr. Ali Al-Ekry and nurse Ebrahim Al-Demistani and Hassan Matooq. Women like human right activist Zainab Al-Khawaja and Rihanna Al-Musawi. Recently, human rights activists Naji fateel, Hisham Al-Sabbagh , as well as Khalil al Marzooq leading member of Al-Wefaq society.    This term has been mentioned clearly in Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (Bassiouni Report) Chapter 11 the procedures and measures in section 6 : the revision of the provisions of the Penal Code (The sanctions infringe on the freedoms of opinion and expression) Paragraph 1670 : charges sent to a number of individuals under the Penal Code in Bahrain. That law criminalizes a number of activities which constitute the right of expressing freedoms & peaceful gathering. Activities that are already protected internationally. In contrast, the number of political prisoners arrived nearly 3,000 detainees after the report ratified by the government in Bahrain.   Most international human rights organizations led by Amnesty International  issued many reports and appeals for the release of prisoners of conscience in Bahrain.  However, the real situation of painful human rights in Bahrain proves the contrary, which accumulate the number of qualitative violations of all kinds.

 
 
 
 
 

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