عربي

Bahrain: Changing Norms in View of Arab Spring
Categary : Files

| |
عبدالنبي العكري 2012-11-21 15:52:24


 The 14th Feb. 2011 Uprising in Bahrain introduced radical changes on both the polity society and the public at large. It was noticed from the beginning and increasingly with the passage of time the high participation of both youth and women in the uprising and its expressions in all forms and at all levels: A)Youth Role Youth are looked at even by political and societal organizations as underage who needs custodian to look after them and not to be trusted with decisive positions or sensitive tasks.It was noticed that despite rhetoric on the importance of youth and being the future promise, there has been a little to prepare them and engage them to that. Distinguished feature of The Arab spring and 14 Feb. Uprising in Bahrain ,is that it was initiated and sustained by the youth. This was reflected in the call for the uprising , the amassment a The Pearl Roundabout, and t he Demonstrations. The youth of all shades were the main organizers of the activities and the participants in the activities at the Pearl Round. Though leaders of political and societal organizations elders were invited to lecture and speak at the various venues of The Pearl round and other venues, substantial number of the speakers were young people. Logistics at The Pearl Round and elsewhere were undertaken mainly by youth.(1) The Youth gave away with many concepts and practices taken by granted by the elder generation, thus we witnessed innovative concepts and ideas to manifest and promote 14 Feb. movement for change in all fields of expression, communication, media, arts …etc.(2) On the other , the youth paid thee highest price as martyrs, wounded , detained ,prosecuted , sentenced ,and dismissed off jobs It has been noticed that more youth were entrusted with leading positions and entrusted with vital tasks at the opposition organizations. B)Women Role Women have been traditionally marginalized in the society and even within the ranks of opposition organizations regardless Islamists or secular. They have been used as a [power base and voting voting base, but not decision makers with symbolic representation in the leading hierarchy.(3) Surprisingly women turnover to The Pearl Round assembly , protests and demonstrations surpassed all expectations. some estimate to this participation to no less than 35%. of attendance. This was done despite the traditional outlook not to engage women in hazardous situation and mixing with men. More important their undertaking of unprecedented tasks and roles. For the first time women mounted the stage and addressed mixed public at The Pearl Round and other assemblies. Women as orators, lecturers, poets, chanters, organizers, and decision makers.(4) For the first time in the history of Bahrain uprisings , women became martyrs, detainees ,and prisoners. Women activists and protesters were exposed to brutal treatment by security forces in the field, torture in custody , harsh imprisonment conditions and .and Kangaroo trials. Many were sexually abuse, some males were threatened with the rape to confess , while some males were threatened with the rape of their kin females , to extract confessions. This ordeal was even documented by TV videos and some confession footage were screened on Bahrain TV, while some shots were used in propaganda documentary fabricated against the uprising and the protesters They took the initiative and the risk to be exposed to all this , with the encouragement of their families, in a society which does not risk that exposure not to tarnish women honor., but the new value of indiscriminate sacrifice over-ruled that .Female martyrs, wounded ,detained and sentenced are equally celebrated as males , contrary to the past norm. When males dread during the Emergency State, it was the women who dared to protest and bear the brunt. Males deferred to witness before Military Courts , for fear of arrest, but women came forward. The young female poet, Ayat Alqormzi, who were detained tortured , tried and imprisoned is the Icon of Bahraini Uprising In dramatic change Alwefaq the leading opposition Islamic society, advanced women during its Conference in March 2012,Five females out of fifteen were elected to the highest command , Alshura Coucil, while the conference decided to put women on its electoral list if it decided to engage in elections, which is contrary to the last electoral list of 2010 , where non was a female. Waad, the leading secular opposition society elected Dr. Monera Fakhro, to preside The Central committee for the first time.(5) Contrary to that the loyalist political societies never advanced women. B)Change in Concept Several concepts which were taken for granted proved to be wrong or partially wrong during the Bahrain uprising of which(6) 1-That the uprising requires organization, but the uprising was spontaneous sparked by plea on Face book 2-That the uprising to be lead by well known political leaders , but the uprising by anonymous youth 3-That uprising require detailed program but the uprising flared with slogan and later detailed its program 4- that uprising requires agreement among political forces , but uprising started without even consulting opposition, but later the youth leadership engaged in dialogue with political opposition 5-That women and youth are in the back rows of the movement but they were at the fore front of the uprising 6-That written and statements and documents are the major means of expression and reference, but in the uprising, different forms of expression and communication were used including electronic means (face book, twitter, what is up,), acting, painting, cartoon, poitry ..etc 7-To overcome the state monopoly of the media (press, TV, Radio), the uprising used alternative media, Today opposition has satellite station Al-Lulla (The Pearl) remincint of The Pearl Round, electronic journal Mirat al-Bahrain (Bahrain mirror. 8-In response to government controlling major societal organizations of the medics, lawyers , journalists, and writers, and scrutinizing independent CSOs, the dissidents established non licensed organizations without premise , using electronic means, such Pen Association, Medics Committee, Bahraini Journalists association and Bahrain Human Rights Association These are very active inside and outside the country , enjoying recognition and support of international partners and actors 9-In traditional reinter state, the population are very dependent on the state for their living. In face of mass penalties against the Shea majority including economic strangulation, the society resorted to self-dependency and solidarity. many small projects emerged to counter mass dismissal D)Stronger Society and opposition Defying the odds and contrary to the authority expectation of controlling the society and weakening the opposition , thus forcing it to surrender, the society and the opposition emerged out of this ordeal stronger more united and determined not to go back prior to 14 Feb.2011 Conclusions There has been emphasis on the outcome of the Arab spring on the political contesters ( Isalmists, secular, conservatives , radical ..etc), but the dramatic change in the concepts , means , organization of the mass movement was little addressed. These changes are of afr reaching effects on the Arab society and polity , regardless of the success or failure of these revolution s or uprising regarding capture of power. Abas Almorshed, The Geneses of 14 Feb. Revolution ,Bahrain Mirror, Beirut ,Annual Issue, Sept.2012 Abdulnabi Alekry, Bahrain Uprising a Year After ,paper presented to FRIDE seminar on Arab Spring, March 2012 Mona Fadel, Women Role in 14 Feb. Uprising in Bahrain, Alwasat Newspaper, , Oct. 2012 Boshra Alhindi ,paper presented to Alwefaq Conference, Bahrain, March, 2012 www.aldemokraty.org. Abdulnabi Alekry, Bahrain:Inverted World, paper presented to Conference on Arab Spring by Oriental Studies Institute, Beirut , Oct 2012

 
 
 
 
 

 الكاتب:

عبدالنبي العكري

 
 
 

Quick Links

Statements      |     News      |     Articles

 
 
 

All Copyrights Reserved © 2017
National Democratic Action Society

Website Intro